I traveled to Libya twice during the Libyan uprising, which started on Feb. 15, 2011. The first time, in February, I spent seven days in Benghazi. The eastern city had just fallen into the hands of Libyan insurgents, after days of violent clashes with security forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi. On television screens, the Libyan leader was vowing to “fight until death” and to never surrender.
As I returned to Benghazi on March 29, the conflict had taken a whole-new dimension. France, the U.S. and the United Kingdom had started an air campaign that targeted Libyan Army tanks and vehicles, implementing a United Nations Security Council Resolution. I did not stay long in Benghazi and spent the following 20 days on the frontline with Libyan insurgents. The frontlinekept moving back and forth, advancing 100 kilometers west one day, retreating 200 kilometers the following day.
Fighting in Libya eventually ended in late October, following the death of Muammar Gaddafi on October 20, 2011. The National Transitional Council declared the liberation of Libya and the official end of the war on October 23, 2011.